Each planet has a unique rotation speed and direction. Take your time when jumping. The speed of a planet's rotation determines how powerful your jumps will be.
Sometimes a meteor will move back and forth in the middle of an atom line. Depending on the speed and direction of the planet you are on, you might not get one. When you see a meteor, consider skipping the atoms and jump directly to the next planet safely.
Spend atoms on the Multiplier or Magnet Power upgrades first. The Increased Jump Speed upgrade is not that useful.
Atoms that appear between planets will line up in a suggested trajectory. This is the safest trajectory that can be used to travel to the next planet. Try to time your jumps to follow the line as closely as possible. Avoid stray meteors while doing this.